TRADE COMPLEMENTARITY DAN EXPORT SIMILARITY SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP EKSPOR INDONESIA KE NEGARA-NEGARA ANGGOTA OKI

Lili Retnosari, Nasrudin .

Abstract


Pada tahun 2014, total ekspor Indonesia ke negara anggota OKI sekitar 14% dari total ekspor Indonesia sejak bergabung dengan OKI 1969. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti apakah produk ekspor Indonesia sesuai dengan produk impor yang diminta oleh negara OKI. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah trade complementarity dan export similarity index. Kedua indeks tersebut kemudian diuji pengaruhnya terhadap ekspor Indonesia dengan menggunakan model regresi panel untuk mengidentifikasi pasar ekspor potensial. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa negara anggota OKI adalah pasar ekspor yang potensial karena kesesuaian produk yang diimpor. Hal ini didukung oleh nilai trade complementarity indek yang tinggi dan cenderung meningkat serta nilai export similarity indek yang cenderung menurun selama periode 2000-2014. Hal itu diperkuat dengan hasil regresi panel yang menunjukkan bahwa kedua indeks memberikan dampak positif dan signifikan terhadap ekspor Indonesia. Negara negara anggota OKI yang merupakan pasar ekspor potensial adalah Turki, Mesir, Yordania, Djibouti, Uni Emirat Arab, Bangladesh, Pakistan, dan Nigeria. Oleh karena itu, penting bagi Pemerintah untuk lebih meningkatkan ekspor ke negara-negara potensial melalui promosi dan pameran dagang secara lebih intensif.

 

In 2014, total Indonesian export to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) member countries reached 14% of its total exports since the country joined the OIC in 1969. This study examines whether Indonesia’s export products complement with the OIC member countries’s import products. This study uses trade complementarity and export similarity index. Furthermore, those indexes tested the impact on Indonesia’s export to the OIC member countries by using panel regression to identify the potential market. The results show that the OIC member countries are the potential export market because their import products match with the Indonesia’s export products. It is indicated by high trade complementarity index that tends to rise and export similarity index which tends to decrease from 2000-2014. This is reinforced by panel regression results that conclude that both indexes give a significant positive effect to boost Indonesia’s export. The OIC member countries that are potential export markets according to the model are Turkey, Egypt, Jordan, Djibouti, United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nigeria. Therefore, the government needs to increase export to potential countries through more intensive trade promotion and exhibition.


Keywords


Trade Complementarity; Export Similarity; OKI; Regresi Panel; OIC Countries; Panel Regression

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30908/bilp.v12i1.281

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