Dampak Penurunan Tarif Impor, Investasi dan Relokasi Industri Ban Terhadap Perdagangan Karet Alam dan Ban Indonesia di Pasar Dunia

  • Zainuddin . Institut Pertanian Bogor http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8322-7627
  • Bonar Marulitua Sinaga Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Sri Hartoyo Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Erwidodo Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30908/bilp.v13i1.341
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Keywords: Karet Alam, Ban, Sistem Persamaan Simultan, Perdagangan, Natural Rubber, Tire, Trade, Simultameous Equations System

Abstract

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis dampak penurunan tarif impor karet alam dan ban, peningkatan investasi dan relokasi industri ban dari USA, Jepang, Republik Rakyat Tiongkok (RRT) ke Indonesia terhadap perdagangan karet alam dan ban Indonesia. Kajian ini menggunakan model sistem persamaan simultan. Deregulasi perdagangan melalui penurunan tarif impor ban telah meningkatkan ekspor karet alam Indonesia ke pasar Jepang dan RRT yang mendorong peningkatan produksi dan ekspor ban Indonesia. Kebijakan tersebut telah memberikan dampak tidak menguntungkan bagi ekspor karet alam Thailand dan Malaysia. Kombinasi antara penurunan tarif impor ban dengan tarif impor karet alam RRT memberikan dampak tidak menguntungkan terhadap produksi dan ekspor karet alam Indonesia ke pasar RRT dan tidak berdampak signifikan terhadap harga karet alam tingkat petani domestik. Selanjutnya peningkatan investasi dan relokasi industri ban dari USA, Jepang, RRT ke domestik memberikan dampak terhadap peningkatan produksi dan ekspor ban Indonesia, konsumsi karet alam domestik, peningkatan produksi dan harga karet alam di tingkat petani domestik. Perubahan positif neraca perdagangan juga terjadi ketika semakin besarnya peningkatan investasi dan relokasi industri ban ke domestik. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan agar pemerintah dan asosiasi industri melakukan industrial lobbying ke negara-negara besar pelaku industri ban dunia khususnya Asia Timur dan USA dalam kerangka kerja sama PTA atau FTA.

Kata Kunci:  Karet Alam, Ban, Perdagangan, Sistem Persamaan Simultan

 

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the impact of the reduction in import tariff on natural rubber and tires, increase investment and relocate of tire industry from the USA, Japan, China to Indonesia to trade in natural rubber and Indonesian tires. The analysis of the Indonesian natural rubber and tires trade used simultaneous equation system models. Trade deregulation through a reduction in tire import tariff had increased Indonesia's natural rubber exports to Japanese and Chinese markets, which has encouraged to increase Indonesian tire production. However, this policy had unfavorable impact on Thailand and Malaysia's natural rubber exports. The combination of the reduction in tire import tariff and the tariff for importing Chinese natural rubber had an unfavorable impact on the production and export of Indonesian natural rubber to the Chinese market and had a weak impact on the natural rubber prices of domestic farmers.Furthermore, increased investment and relocation of the tire industry from the USA, Japan, China to Indonesia had increased Indonesian tire production and exports, domestic consumption of natural rubber, production and prices of natural rubber at the level of domestic farmers. A positive change in the trade balance also occurred when the increasing investment and relocation of the tire industry to the domestic market grew. This study recommended the government and industrial association to conduct industrial lobbying to big tire-industry players particularly in East Asia and USA under PTA and FTA Framework.

Keywords: Natural Rubber, Tire, Trade and Simultaneous Equations System

JEL Classification: F13, F17, Q17

Author Biographies

Zainuddin ., Institut Pertanian Bogor

Program Doktor Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian, Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB

Bonar Marulitua Sinaga, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Departemen Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen

Sri Hartoyo, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen

Erwidodo, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian

Pusat Kajian Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

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Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
., Z., Sinaga, B. M., Hartoyo, S., & Erwidodo. (2019). Dampak Penurunan Tarif Impor, Investasi dan Relokasi Industri Ban Terhadap Perdagangan Karet Alam dan Ban Indonesia di Pasar Dunia. Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan, 13(1), 71-98. https://doi.org/10.30908/bilp.v13i1.341
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Articles