Isu Standar Pada Perdagangan Indonesia-Australia Dalam Kerja Sama IACEPA

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30908/bilp.v13i1.334
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Abstract

Abstrak

Salah satu isu penting terkait kerja sama perdagangan Indonesia - Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IACEPA) adalah  ‘standar’. Isu standar berhubungan dengan kepentingan konsumen, kesehatan dan keamanan, perlindungan lingkungan dan manajemen, sehingga berkaitan dengan hubungan perdagangan dan internasionalisasi produk. Isu standar pada IACEPA perlu diperhatikan dan dianalisis karena dapat menjadi kendala atau hambatan dalam hubungan perdagangan Indonesia dan Australia. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis pola perdagangan Indonesia-Australia termasuk membahas isu standar yang mungkin akan menjadi hambatan dan kendala dalam IACEPA. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Australia merupakan rekan perdagangan yang penting bagi Indonesia dan begitu juga sebaliknya. Antara kedua negara, proses perdagangan bersifat saling melengkapi atau komplementer. Keterlibatan dan partisipasi Australia dalam forum pengembangan standar internasional lebih besar daripada Indonesia. Australia juga memiliki posisi tawar dan pengaturan yang lebih kompleks, baik dari segi kuantitas maupun kualitas dalam perdagangan bilateral pada sektor electrotechnology, energy, manufacturing, processing, building dan construction. Semua sektor ini memiliki 64% dari 1743 standar di Australia yang dapat berpotensi menjadi hambatan perdagangan bagi Indonesia. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan bahwa Indonesia dan Australia perlu melakukan kesepakatan terkait penerapan standar terhadap suatu produk dan perjanjian saling pengakuan dan saling keberterimaan atas hasil sertifikasi.

Kata Kunci: IACEPA, Standar, Regulasi Teknis, Standardisasi dan Penilaian Kesesuaian

 

Abstract

One of the important issues on the Indonesia - Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IACEPA) is a standard. Standard relates to consumer interests, health and safety, environmental protection and management, therefore its relates to trade and product internationalization. The standard issue is important to be considered and analysed as it can be an obstacle in trade relations between Indonesia and Australia. The purpose of the study was to analyze Indonesia-Australia  trade patterns and to discuss the standardization issue that might become constraints in IACEPA. The results showed that Australia is an important trading partner for Indonesia and vice versa. Between the two countries, the trade process is complementary. Australia's involvement and participation in the forum for developing international standards is greater than that of Indonesia. Australia also has a more complex bargaining position and arrangements, both in terms of quantity and quality in bilateral trade in the sector of electrotechnology, energy, manufacturing, processing, building and construction. All of these sectors have 64% of the 1743 standards-based technical regulations in Australia that could potentially be a trade barrier for Indonesia. The study recommended Indonesia and Australia need to agree the implementations of standards on particular products and mutual recognition arrangements on certifications.

Keywords: IACEPA, Standard, Technical Regulation, Standardization and Conformity Assessment

JEL Classification: F12, F13, F63, G18, L15

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Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Susanto, D. A. (2019). Isu Standar Pada Perdagangan Indonesia-Australia Dalam Kerja Sama IACEPA. Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan, 13(1), 21-46. https://doi.org/10.30908/bilp.v13i1.334
Section
Articles